Hartley Family History

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Hartley Name Meaning

English (mainly northern): habitational name from any of various places so called. Several, in particular those in Hampshire, Kent, and Devon, are named from Old English heorot ‘hart’, ‘stag’ + leah ‘wood’, ‘clearing’. One in Northumberland has as the second element Old English hlaw ‘hill’, and one in Cumbria contains Old English cla ‘claw’, in the sense of a tongue of land between two streams, + probably heard ‘hard’. The surname is widely distributed, but most common in Yorkshire, where it arose from a place near Haworth, West Yorkshire, also named with Old English heorot + leah. As a Scottish name, it comes from the Cumbrian Hartley (see forebears note). Irish: shortened Anglicized form of or surname adopted as equivalent of Gaelic Ó hArtghaile ‘descendant of Artghal’, a personal name composed of the elements Art ‘bear’, ‘hero’ + gal ‘valor’.

Source: Dictionary of American Family Names ©2013, Oxford University Press

Similar surnames: Harley, Hatley, Barley, Hanley, Marley, Bartley, Harle, Harty

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Hartley Family Origin

Where is the Hartley family from?

Hartley Family Occupations

What did your Hartley ancestors do for a living?

In 1881, a less common occupation for the Hartley family was Labourer. Farmer, Cotton Weaver and Coal Miner were the top 3 reported jobs worked by Hartley. The most common Hartley occupation in the UK was Farmer. 5% of Hartley's were Farmers.

View Census data for Hartley | Data not to scale

  • Farmer

  • Cotton Weaver

  • Coal Miner

  • Labourer


Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Hartley ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.

Hartley Historical Records

What Hartley family records will you find?

Census Record

There are 493,000 census records available for the last name Hartley. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Hartley census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

Search 1891 UK census records for Hartley

Passenger List

There are 79,000 immigration records available for the last name Hartley. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the UK, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

View all Hartley immigration records

Draft Card

There are 50,000 military records available for the last name Hartley. For the veterans among your Hartley ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

View all Hartley military records

You've only scratched the surface of Hartley family history.

Hartley Life Expectancy

What is the average Hartley lifespan?

Between 1941 and 2004, in the United States, Hartley life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1941, and highest in 1997. The average life expectancy for Hartley in 1941 was 28, and 75 in 2004.

View Social Security Death Index (SSDI) for Hartley

An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Hartley ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.

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