Indian (northern states): Hindu (Bania) and Jain name, from Sanskrit gupta ‘secret’, ‘protected’. This is a well-known name of ancient India; the two greatest empires of ancient northern India were both founded by persons named Chandragupta (see also Chandra). The founder of the Maurya empire in the 4th century bc was Chandragupta Maurya. In the 4th century ad, the Gupta empire was founded by another Chandragupta, and a long line of Gupta kings ruled India for about 200 years.
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