World Archives Project: USHMM - Munich, Germany, Displaced Jewish Orphans at the Ulm Children's Home, 1945-1948

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This content is provided as part of the World Memory Project in partnership with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.


The World Memory Project will create extensive indexes for each collection. The completed indexes will be made available for free on all ancestry.com websites. Once the indexes are completed individuals may contact the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum directly to request a free printed copy of a specific document at resource-center@ushmm.org .

About this project This collection contains information gathered by the Central Historical Commission of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. Zone, Munich, about child Holocaust survivors in Displaced Persons camps. It is a small collection of questionnaires, some with photos, along with other materials such as biographies of wards of the Children’s Home at Ulm. Victim groups included in this collection: Jews.

This project currently does not have Project Feedback available.

Contents

Need help keying this project?

We will only be keying from two types of images:

1. Supplementary Record - a preprinted form that contains vital information about the child and their family

2. Biography - a free form page containing a short biography of the child

There is a third form type, which is the second page of a supplementary record. These images contain additional information about the orphan, particularly about their displacement, moves, and separation from family. However, we will not be keying any information from these images.

On the supplementary records, key each person listed on a page as a unique record. On the biographies, key a unique record for each person listed in the upper right-hand corner. This usually includes one or more children and their parents. Do not key any additional names listed in the biography itself.

Many names and locations will contain diacritics. Key those as seen using the "Insert international characters" button located directly above the keying grid and directly below the image.

Project-specific sample images and form field help:

Choose a sample image from below to see the corresponding form field examples.
Biography
Supplementary Records
Supplementary Records Page 2

This project uses diacritics 

If you are using Windows XP there are some diacritics that may not be displayed correctly. This occasionally happens in newer browsers and operating systems as well. You may see a box inserted as a letter. For example: Mie□dzyrzecz instead of Międzyrzecz

When you key letters with diacritics, it is best to use the international character set provided or the numeric shortcut shown in the keying tool. (Note: Not all diacritics will have a shortcut displayed.) Do not use other keyboard shortcuts as a work around. For arbitrators and reviewers who are using Windows XP operating systems, if you see the □ displayed, you will need to key the diacritic using the international characters symbols provided in the tool to ensure the proper diacritic is being entered. 

More info on international characters and diacritics


Discussion Tab

Join others keying this project on the Discussion Tab to explore extra keying helps, common errors found by reviewers and general Q&A about this project. Be sure to share your expertise as well. If you have suggestions or additions for this project page, post them in the Suggestions/Additions section.

Biography


Use this form type for images consisting of biographies of children stationed at the children's home in Ulm. The biographies generally list the child's name and birth date or age, along with parents' names in the upper right-hand area of the page. Below that is a short biographical paragraph or two. Often a photo is included.

Relationship

Key the person's relationship to the child.

For the child, enter "Self" into this field. If there are multiple children listed on one image, enter "Self" as the relationship for each child.

For the parents, enter "Father" or "Mother." The father's name is usually the first of the two parents names listed. For example, if it says "daughter of Nathan and Golda," key "Father" for the relationship of Nathan and "Mother" for the relationship of Golda.

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.

Surname

Key the surname of the person. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen. For the child, the surname is often listed in all caps. For parents, if no other surname is listed, key the same surname that is provided for the child.

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or may be written in the field labeled "Other names used." Key the first name or initial and any middle names using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If an alias given name does not appear in the dictionary then key the alias given name as seen.

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or may be written in the field labeled "Other names used." A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the surname alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.

Birth Day

Key the birth date. The birth date often appears after the word "born" and written in the day.month.year format. Sometimes only a birth year will be given. If it is stated that the birth date is unknown, leave all the birth date fields blank.

Birth Month

Key the birth month. The birth date often appears after the word "born" and written in the day.month.year format. Sometimes only a birth year will be given. If it is stated that the birth date is unknown, leave all the birth date fields blank.

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document.

Birth Year

Key the birth year. The birth date often appears after the word "born" and written in the day.month.year format. Sometimes only a birth year will be given. If it is stated that the birth date is unknown, leave all the birth date fields blank. Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.

Birthplace

Key the birthplace, usually found after the birth date or after the word "born." Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a location is not found in the list, key the location as seen. Separate jurisdictions such as town, province, and country with a comma.

If it is stated that the birthplace is unknown, leave this field blank. If a single birthplace is given for several children listed on the same image, key the location for each child. For example, if it says "all three born in Tarnow, Poland," key "Tarnow, Poland" as the birthplace for each child.

Age

If an age is given instead of a birth date, key the person's age according to the following rules:

  • If an age includes years, months, and/or days then key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months then key the age as 10. 
  • If an age appears in months only, such as 10 months, then key the age as a fraction of twelfths – 10/12.
  • If an age includes a fraction, such as 3 3/8, key only the whole number – 3.

Photo

From the provided drop-down list select "Yes" if a photo is included on the document or "No" if a photo is not. This only needs to be keyed for the child.

Supplementary Records


This image consists of a preprinted form with the heading "Supplementary Record - Face Sheet" at the top.

Relationship

Key the person's relationship to the child. For the child, enter "Self" into this field. For the parents, enter "Father" or "Mother." For other family members listed at the bottom of the page, key the relationship as seen, using the drop-down list for assistance. For example, if it says "mother's brother," key this as "mother's brother" NOT as "uncle."

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the person. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a name does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.

Surname

Key the surname of the person. Surnames are often listed in all caps. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a surname does not appear in the list, key the name as seen.

For brothers and sisters listed at the bottom of the page, if no other additional surname is listed, enter the same surname as the primary child.

Maiden Name

Key the mother's maiden name from the field labeled "Maiden Name."

Do not key a maiden name for other married family members listed at the bottom of the page unless a maiden name is specifically identified on the image as such.

Alias Given

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or may be written in the field labeled "Other names used." Key the first name or initial and any middle names using a dictionary if provided for assistance. If an alias given name does not appear in the dictionary then key the alias given name as seen.

Alias Surname

Occasionally an alternate name may be recorded for a given individual. This name may be denoted by parentheses, quotation marks, or may be written in the field labeled "Other names used." A variant spelling of a name is not considered an alias. Key the surname alias using the provided drop-down list. If a name does not appear on the list, key as seen.

Age

Key the age of family members listed at the bottom of the page. There is no age to key for the child, father, or mother. An age may not be given if a birth date or year is provided instead. Key the age according to the following rules:

  • If an age includes years, months, and/or days then key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months then key the age as 10. 
  • If an age appears in months only, such as 10 months, then key the age as a fraction of twelfths – 10/12.
  • If an age includes a fraction, such as 3 3/8, key only the whole number – 3.


Birth Day

Key the birth day from the field labeled "birthdate" for the child, father, and mother. Often only the birth year is provided for the parents. Also key the birthdate, if given, for any other family members listed at the bottom of the record. When given, birth dates or years are often listed in parentheses.

Birth Month

Key the birth month from the field labeled "birthdate" for the child, father, and mother. Often only the birth year is provided for the parents. Also key the birthdate, if given, for any other family members listed at the bottom of the record. When given, birth dates or years are often listed in parentheses.

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document.

Birth Year

Key the birth year from the field labeled "birthdate" for the child, father, and mother. Often only the birth year is provided for the parents. Also key the birthdate, if given, for any other family members listed at the bottom of the record. When given, birth dates or years are often listed in parentheses. Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.

Circumstances

Use this field to key whatever other information is provided for the family members listed at the bottom of the page that is not already captured in the relationship, age, or birth date fields. This is usually information such as whereabouts or death dates and places. Key this information as seen. Nothing should be keyed into this field for the child, father, or mother.

Birthplace

Key the birthplace found in the field labeled "Birthplace" for the child. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. If a location is not found in the list, key the location as seen. Separate jurisdictions such as town, province, and country with a comma.

Gender

Key the child's gender as marked in the "M" and "F" boxes at the top of the page. Enter "Male" for "M" and "Female" for "F." Key this field for the child only. Do not enter anything into this field for any other person listed on the page.

Nationality

Key the nationality found in the field labeled "Nationality" for the child, father and mother. Key the nationality as seen, excluding periods at the end of an abbreviation. For example, if you see "Hung.-Jew", key this as "Hung-Jew."

Last Residence

For the child, key what is written in the "Address in Country of Origin Prior to Displacement" field. For the father and mother, key what is written in the "Last known address" field. Key these fields as seen, separating jurisdictions such as town and country with a comma. Exclude periods used in abbreviations. For example, if you see "Auschwitz c.c.", key this as "Auschwitz c c".

Last Residence Day

For the child, key the "Date of Displacement." For the parents, key the "Date last heard from."

Last Residence Month

For the child, key the "Date of Displacement." For the parents, key the "Date last heard from."

Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document.

Last Residence Year

For the child, key the "Date of Displacement." For the parents, key the "Date last heard from." Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.

Present Location of Child

Key the "Present location of child." Key this field as seen, separating jurisdictions such as town and country with a comma. Exclude periods used in abbreviations. For example, if you see "D.P. Camp Wolfratshausen," key this as "D P Camp Wolfratshausen." Do NOT include the "Name of Family, Center or Institution, Person in Charge, or Address."

Arrival Day

Key the day from the "Date arrived at this location" field for the child.

Nothing should be keyed into this field for the father, mother, or other relatives.

Arrival Month

Key the month from the "Date arrived at this location" field for the child. Use the provided drop-down list for assistance. Key the name of the month in full, even if abbreviated, written numerically, or in Roman numerals on the document. Key the name of the month in the language of the document.

Nothing should be keyed into this field for the father, mother, or other relatives.

Arrival Year

Key the year from the "Date arrived at this location" field for the child. Key the year as seen, whether two or four digits.

Nothing should be keyed into this field for the father, mother, or other relatives.

Religion

Key the child's religion. Key as seen.

Occupation

Key the child's, father's, and mother's occupations. Use the provided drop-down list to assist you. If an occupation is not in the list, key the occupations as seen.

Supplementary Records Page 2


Use this form type for the second page of a Supplementary Record. This page contains additional information about the orphan, particularly about their displacement, moves, and separation from family. However, nothing will be keyed from these images.



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