Source Information

New York State Library
Ancestry.com. U.S. Census Non-Population Schedules, New York, 1850-1880 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.
Original data: Nonpopulation Census Schedules for New York, 1850-1880. Microfilm. New York State Library, Documents and Digital Collections, Albany, New York.

About U.S. Census Non-Population Schedules, New York, 1850-1880

This database contains U.S. federal non-population schedules from 1850-1880 for the state of New York.

Non-population schedules contained in this database include agriculture, industry/manufacturers, social statistics, and supplemental schedules.

In general, data recorded on the non-population schedules covered one year exactly (beginning and ending on June 1) preceding the year of enumeration. The information requested on each schedule changed throughout the years, so you may not necessarily find the same information on the same schedule type for different years.

About the Records:

Agriculture Schedules

Agricultural schedules are useful for both historians and family historians, providing an overall view of the agricultural state of the nation. These schedules recorded statistics on farms, plantations, and market gardens, listing the names of owners, agents, and managers. The type of statistics recorded included the total acreage of land, the value of the farm, machinery and livestock, amount of staples (wool, cotton, grain, etc.) produced, and the value of animals slaughtered, etc. In 1880 farm operators were classified as owner, tenant, or sharecropper.

Industry/Manufacturers Schedules

Industry schedules are useful for illustrating the industrial and technological development of the country. These schedules collected information about manufacturing, mining, fishing, and mercantile, commercial, and trading businesses with an annual gross product of $500 or more. The schedule lists the name of each corporation, company, or individual, a description of the type of business, amount of capital invested, the quantity and value of resources used, the quantity of yearly production, and the number of individuals hired, etc. In 1870 distinctions were made between child and adult labor. In 1880 companies were classified into categories.

Social Statistics and Supplemental Schedules

Social statistics schedules compiled from 1850 to 1880 contain three items of specific interest for the genealogist: (1) The schedules list cemetery facilities within city boundaries, including maps with cemeteries marked; the names, addresses, and general description of all cemeteries; procedures for interment; cemeteries no longer functioning; and the reasons for their closing. (2) The schedules also list trade societies, lodges, clubs, and other groups, including their addresses, major branches, names of executive officers, and statistics showing members, meetings, and financial worth. (3) The schedules list churches, including a brief history, a statement of doctrine and policy, and a statistical summary of membership by county.

Other information recorded on the social statistics schedules include the aggregate value of property, a breakdown of taxes paid, a list of schools, colleges, and academies with their numbers of teachers and students, a list of libraries and their number of books, a list of newspaper and periodicals published within a community, the number of paupers supported by the community, the number of criminals convicted within the previous year, and the number of convicts in jail.

In 1880 a supplemental schedule, called Dependent, Defective, and Delinquent Classes, was included. This schedule listed by name the insane, idiots, deaf mutes, blind, paupers, indigent persons, homeless children, and prisoners. In addition to the individual’s name, their race, gender, age, residence, and medical information may have been recorded.

How to Search the Records:

Names of individuals, farms, companies, and corporations have not been indexed. Images of these census schedules may be searched by using the browse table below. Begin by selecting the state, followed by the type of schedule, census year, and county. The records are arranged alphabetically by county name, so it is fairly easy to navigate through the images to get to your county of interest.

Some of the above information was taken from Loretto Dennis Szucs and Matthew Wright, "Census Records" in The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy, ed. Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006).

About The New York State Library

Established in 1818, the New York State Library is one of the nation's oldest state libraries. It is one of the 125 largest research libraries in North America and the only state library to qualify for membership in the Association of Research Libraries. The New York State Library serves the needs of individuals, schools and universities, and the business and scientific communities.

The Library’s collection numbers more than 20 million items and is particularly strong in local history and genealogy, law, social and health sciences, legislative matters, technology, education, history, federal and state documents, and New York State newspapers. Its manuscript and rare-book collections from the 17th century to the present are treasures of the state. The Library's 20 million items are augmented by extensive digital resources, including full-text electronic journals, newspapers, databases, historical and research electronic collections.