This collection was indexed by World Memory Project contributors from the digitized holdings of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.For more information about this collection, click on the record group numbers listed in Sources to access the USHMM’s catalog record, or email [email protected]
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About this collection
This database contains information relating to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration’s (UNRRA) work with refugees and Displaced Persons after World War II. At this time, the database includes materials regarding UNRRA’s work in the Philippines, Switzerland, Sweden, China, Italy, the Balkans, Hungary, Luxembourg, the Dodecanese Islands, Austria, Czechoslovakia, and Germany as well as their Washington DC Headquarters and Middle East and European Regional offices. The original records are held by the United Nations Archives and Records Management Section in New York.
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was created at a 44-nation conference at the White House on November 9, 1943. Its mission was to provide economic assistance to European nations after World War II and to repatriate and assist the refugees who would come under Allied control. The US government funded close to half of UNRRA's budget.
The organization was subject to the authority of the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Forces (SHAEF) in Europe and was directed by three Americans during the four years of its existence. Its first director-general was Herbert Lehman, former governor of New York. He was succeeded in March 1946 by Fiorello La Guardia, former mayor of New York City, who was in turn followed by Major General Lowell Ward in early 1947.
UNRRA assisted in the repatriation of millions of refugees in 1945 and managed hundreds of displaced persons camps in Germany, Italy, and Austria during that year. It provided health and welfare assistance to the DPs, as well as vocational training and entertainment. It administered the work of 23 separate voluntary welfare agencies, including the Joint Distribution Committee, the Organization for Rehabilitation through Training (ORT), and the Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society (HIAS). In late 1945, as the displaced persons camps were given greater autonomy, the voluntary agencies increasingly operated independently. UNRRA continued to serve as a major employer of displaced persons.
The massive and protracted relief efforts caused the agency to run out of funds and in 1947 its tasks were taken over by a successor organization, the International Refugee Organization (IRO). The new agency inherited the care of 643,000 displaced persons in 1948. See: USHMM Holocaust Encyclopedia.
26 March 2020: Added new record for Switzerland and Sweden.
29 September 2021: Added new records for China, Italy, the Balkans, Hungary, Luxembourg, and the Middle East and European Regional Offices.
7 Feb 2022: Added new records for the Dodecanese Islands, Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, and Washington DC Headquarters.