Source Information

Dr. Howard M. Relles, comp. U.S., Immigrants arriving at New York from Poland, Austria, and Galacia, 1890-1891 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2008.
Original data: National Archives. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1820-1897. Rolls 543-580; M237; Record Group 36, Records of the U.S. Customs Service. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1958. This data is provided in partnership with

About U.S., Immigrants arriving at New York from Poland, Austria, and Galacia, 1890-1891

This database is an index to the 1890-1891 New York passenger arrival manifests, including only those passengers who indicated that they were citizens of Austria, Poland, or Galicia. There are a total of 96,699 names in this index — 44,052 for 1890, and 52,647 for 1891.

The fields in the index are as follows:

  • Surname and Given Name of the passenger

  • National Archives soundex code, computed

  • Date of Arrival into New York, in Year/Month/Day format

  • Microfilm Reel Number (from the US National Archives' microfilm publication M237)

  • Ship's Name

  • Ship's Number (the sequential number designated on the NARA microfilm)

  • Line Number of this passenger in the ship’s manifest

  • Notes: An abbreviation meant to convey special information about the passenger, as follows:
    • w = with relatives, usually grouped together with others with the same last name

    • p = citizen of Poland

    • g = citizen of Galicia

    • d = deleted; a line was drawn through the name indicating the person probably did not sail

    • m = miscellaneous additional list, other than the main or large steerage list. Occasionally, for example, there were separate numbered lists for each class of passenger

    • (In the 1890 data, if “p” or “g” is not present in the abbreviation field, it means that the passenger was listed as an Austrian citizen. These codes were not used in the 1891 data).

Additional information about each passenger may be available on the microfilmed ship manifest. This may include the immigrant’s age, sex, marital status, final destination, calling (occupation), assigned living space on the ship, and number of pieces of luggage. Occasionally, in these 1890-1891 records, a town of origin may be included.