My Endemann roots, hope it helps someone out there find theirs
My great-grandfather, Heinrich Karl Theodor Endemann (born Wallmannsthal Mission Station, near Pretoria 12.2.1897, died Durban 23.4.1984), was married on 7.9.1923 at Lydenburg, Transvaal to the English-speaking Margareth Elizabeth Cox (born Johannesburg 10.2.1904, died Bronkhorstspruit ca. 1994). Uncle Heinrich or Heini Endemann (your great-grandfather) was the eldest son of Karl Endemann (born Malokong Mission Station in Sekhukhuniland, Transvaal 23.7.1867, died Wonderboom-Suid, Pretoria 6.3.1934). This Karl Endemann was not a missionary himself, but a teacher at the mission station of Wallmannsthal, as well as general dealer and later estate agent in Pretoria (and was imprisoned during the First World War of 1914-18 for being a German citizen and therefore enemy of the state). He was married on 8.5.1896 at the Lutheran Church, Wallmannsthal Mission Station to Emma Helene Elisabeth Kühl (born Gamatlale Mission Station, Transvaal 23.1.1875, died Pretoria 1958) who was herself the eldest daughter of the German Missionary Robert Theodor Friedrich Kühl and his wife Lydia Johanna Helene Heymann of Wallmannsthal Mission Station, to the north of Pretoria.
The aforementioned Karl Endemann (my great-greatgrandfather) was the second son of the famous Professor Karl Heinrich Julius Endemann (born Triebel, Niederlausitz, province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia, Germany 19.4.1836, died Kiel, province of Scheswig-Holstein, Germany 17.4.1919) and his wife Wilhelmine Auguste Franziska von Schimmelmann (born Berlin, province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia, Germany 8.12.1838, baptised in the Lutheran Church at Friedrichswerder, Berlin 6.1.1839, died Kiel, province of Schleswig-Holstein, Kingdom of Prussia, Germany 22.8.1911). Karl Heinrich Julius Endemann is our mutual ancestor and he was a missionary at the Mission Stations of Phatametsane, Ga Ratau and Malokong in Sekhukhuniland, Transvaal and later at Botshabêlo, near Middelburg Transvaal between 1860 and 1872. He had to return to Germany because of increasing deafness, but became the author of the very first translation of the Bible in the Sotho language as well as the author of the very first Sotho Dictionary in the world. He was rewarded with a professorship at the University of Kiel in northern Germany where he retired and eventually died. Our ancestor Karl Heinrich Julius Endemann was himself the son of the private teacher and church organist ("Kantor") Karl Friedrich Endemann and his wife Karoline Henriette (Lina) von Schrader of Ruhland, Niederlausitz, province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia, Germany.
Professor Karl Heinrich Julius Endemann (1836-1919) was German by birth and eventually also died in Germany. His increasing deafness forced him to return to Germany in 1872 after a twelve year stay as missionary in the Transvaal. He was accompanied by his wife and four eldest sons Friedrich, Karl (your great-greatgrandfather), Johannes and Christian (my grandfather) - the two youngest sons Gottfried and Theodor were born after his return to Germany. The six brothers were brought up in Germany. They all six of them did a three year obligatory military training in the Prussian/German Army. Five of them got married but the third Johannes Endemann, a mining engineer, was partly crippled in a mining accident and remained unmarried. The eldest son Friedrich Endemann became a Lutheran pastor and has numerous descendants still living in Germany. Likewise the two youngest brothers Gottfried and Theodor Endemann remained in Germany - Gottfried was a Missionary in China but was killed in battle somewhere in France at the outbreak of the First World War, and I have no record of his descendants. The youngest brother Theodor became a naval officer and his marriage remained childless. The three middle brothers Karl, Johannes and Christian returned to the Transvaal - Karl in 1894 and Christian in 1897 (the unmarried Johannes much later). Karl and Christian Endemann married two Kühl sisters in the Lutheran Church at Wallmannsthal Mission Station near Pretoria - Emma Helene Elisabeth in 1896 and Johanna Elisabeth (Hanna) on 25.1.1900 respectively. They both have numerous descendants in South Africa
(b) Karl Endemann was imprisoned at the outbreak of hostilities between Germany and Great Britain during the First World War (1914-1918) for being a person of German descent. South Africa as a member of the British Commonwealth joined Britain in its war effort against Germany. The properties of Germans or persons of German descent in South Africa were maliciously damaged on prurpose or sometimes even set alight. When Karl Endemann provided prove to the South African authorities that he was actually born at a Mission Station in the Transvaal in 1867 and could therefore apply for South African citizenship, he was naturalised as a South African citizen after his release. His youner brother, Missionary Christian Endemann, was not so fortunate. He was imprisoned in a concentration camp with other German POW's in the then Tanganjika (now Tanzania) for the duration of the war and was only released after 1919 to return to his family - his health was completely ruined