Looking for genealogy for these names
looking for geneology connections to therse names, probably from the town of Krampach, Slovakia or the town before named Szepes, Hungary. Moved to the US between 1890 and 1904.
It is difficult to furnish any information when query
implies " looking for surname xxx,xxx,xxx from anywhere,
you tell me and I will tell you if correct ".
You know more about the ethnicity of your own surnames and
the circa you are researching.
U.S. telephone listings
Some of these surnames may or may not be related, depends
on their town and country of origin ,etc.
Before WWI, Slovakia was part of Upper Hungary (FelvidÃ©k)
and part of Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Hungarian names were used for towns and counties.
Krempach (KremnÃ¡) is located 183 miles ENE of Bratislava
and near StarÃ¡ LÃºbovnÃ¡ (O'lublÃ³) near current Polish border.
Szepes Megye (county) was an old Hungarian county later called
Spis^ z^upa in Slovak before the z^upy system was discontinued in 1923.
Germans called it Zips/Zipser. Interesting region.
Portions of Spis' county were domains of the Polish Kings through history.
In 1412 14 of the Spis' towns were mortgaged to the Kings of Poland (until 1772).
The Hungarians had also invited Germans to this region.
The Zips/Spisz (G), Spis' (S), and Szepes (H) was the best known
German settlement area in Slovakia (then Upper Hungary).
Among these towns were Levoca (Leutschau in German), KEZMAROK
(Kaesmark in German) and StarÃ¡ L'ubovna (Alt-Lublau in German)
By the beginning of the 1800s many towns which had a majority of
German inhabitants became predominately Magyar and Slovak.
Slovaks, Hungarians, and Rusyns joined the Germans population in Spis' region.
Not all people in East Central Europe who later spoke German
owed their heritage to German settlers. Many were descendants of
Germanized Slavs and in some cases Magyars whose ancestors had
intermarried with neighbors of Germanic origin.
Among the earliest German colonies were those begun in the late
12th c in Transylvania and in the mountainous area of Spis^/Zips/
Szepes county in northern Hungary near the towns of Levoc^a/Leutschau
and Kez^marok/KÃ¤smark. The Spis^ enclave was expanded through special
privileges granted 1n 1224 and 1271.
It was at this time that the "Saxons" (actually not from Saxony but from
the Rhineland) came in large numbers.
The German colonists brought legal models that formed the basis of their
special privileged status. Called 'German City Law' these meant that
they could within their "new cities" direct their economic activity and
govern themseleves through an elected city council.
South German Law (based on models of NÃ¼rnberg or Vienna) was adopted for
Levoc^a, Kos^ice, Kez^marok, and Pres^ov.
It was during the 13th c that organized efforts were undertaken to
settle Carpathian Rus' with East Slavic farmers and shepherds from
Early in 15th c the 16 towns in the northen Spis^ region of central
Slovakia (including StarÃ¡ L'ubovn^a and L'ubica)- near to but not
including the royal Saxon towns of KÃ¤smark and Leutschau - were sold
to Poland, under whose rule they remained 1412-1772.
Austria's presence in Galicia began in 1769, when Hapsburg troops
occupied the 16 Polish-held towns and villages in the Spis^ region on
the southern slopes of the Carpathians in last
years of 16th c.
Germans, Slovaks, Rusyns(Ukrainians), Croatians, Hungarians,
Don't know who settled here first in 12th, 14th, and 16th c.
The LDS has filmed all the parish church records at the Slovak State
Archives in eastern Slovakia.
These microfilms available through local LDS Family History Centers
(FHC) serve as large resource of genealogical information for Americans
with surnames from eastern Slovakia.
These microfilm reels are available for rental and viewing at any
Family History Center (FHC).
90% of patrons are non-Mormons doing surname research.
KrstenÃ = Baptisms (Christenings)
SobÃ¡s^enÃ = Marriages
ZomrelÃ = Deaths
(Words are of Slovak origin not Hungarian)
The matriky (parish church records) were titled KrsntenÃ (Baptisms) ,
SobÃ¡s^enÃ (Marriages), and ZomrelÃ (Deaths).
In Hungarian the matriky are titled anyakÃ¶nyvek, keresztelÃ©sek,
hÃ¡zassÃ¡gok Ã©s halÃ¡lozÃ¡sok - same words as in Slovak above.
Written in Hungarian and Latin/Greek.
Records usually cover the period 1750-1895.
In response to your dilemma with the surname Resotka:
I have been tracing my maternal lines in my family history, and what would be my great-great grandmother married a man named Karoly Resutka. Her name was Rose Radwanski or Yaraasky and they both came from a town in Hungary called Also-Lipnicza (Also means upper). They had 9 children, two of which died in infancy in Europe. Karoly (who changed names to Charles when he came to the US) came to the US in 1900 looking for a job. Rose followed him in 1901 and they settled in Cleveland for a year, but migrated to Staunton, Illinois. If you have any information you would like to share, please email me or post a response!!