World Archives Project: USHMM - UK, Selected Records Relating to Kindertransport, 1938-1939

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About this project This collection contains selected records relating to the "Kindertransport" out of Nazi Germany, nine months prior to the start of World War Two.

Contents

Need help keying this project?


Project Instructions This collection contains selected records relating to the "Kindertransport" out of Nazi Germany, nine months prior to the start of World War Two.

Background

5 days after Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass, 9–10 Nov 1938), that took place in Germany and Austria, a delegation of Jewish and Quaker leaders in Britain appealed to the then Prime Minister, Neville Chamberline to permit Jewish children (without their parents) to emigrate to Great Britain. Soon after the British Parliament passed a bill waiving key immigration requirements, thus allowing the entry of unaccompanied children from 17 years and below. An organisation was then assembled called "Movement for the Care of Children from Germany" consisting of several groups who assisted by finding homes for the children and funding the operation in general.

Children whose parents were in concentration camps, or who otherwise could not support them were generally favored for emigration. The first Kindertransport arrived in Harwich, Great Britain, 2 Dec. 1938 with nearly 200 children from an orphanage burned on the night of Kristallnacht. The last transport left on 1 Sep. 1939 from the Netherlands, just as WWII began. An estimated 9,000 to 10,000 children were rescued during the entire operation.

Information on how to key this collection

For this project you will not have any images or facsimiles to assist in keying! Please rely on the form type descriptions as well as common sense when keying. When an image is not a list of individuals, but has information to be keyed, the image will often require reading to find the names. When keying from paragraphs of information, please look for additional information, such as birth, occupation, etc.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be directly involved in the transport (those being transported or those helping). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Project-specific sample images and form field help:
Choose a sample image from below to see the corresponding form field examples.
Minutes
Miscellaneous Document
Name List
Refugee List
Cover page, Section header, etc
Image with no data

Minutes



Choose the "Minutes" form type for images with the typed word "Minutes" about midway down the page. These images are of pre-printed forms.

Document Day

Key the day from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the document date in the header of the document using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Year

Key the year from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr," "Mr," or "Mrs," of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Only prefix values should be keyed into the prefix field. 

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Initials should be keyed with a space between them and without entering periods.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Surname

Key the surname as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Age

Key the age as seen at the time the record was recorded using the dictionary provided for assistance. If present, age may be found next to the word "Age" or "Aged" and should be a number between 1 and 120.

Valid ages include numeric digits between "0" and "120" and fractions between "1/12" and "11/12." If an age includes years, months, and/or days key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months, key age as "10." If an age appears in months, such as 10 months, key age as a fraction: "10/12." If an Age includes years plus a fraction, such as 3 3/12, key only the year: "3." If the age is less than one month, key "0."

Gender

Key the gender in its full form using the dictionary provided for assistance. Gender may be determined by key words, such as "son of", "daughter of", etc., or by gender specific prefixes. In some cases "male" and "female" will appear next to a name.

Occupation

Key the occupation as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Birth Day

Key the day from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the birth date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Year

Key the year from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Place

Key the birth place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Birth place may be found near the words "Birth," "Geb. ort," or something similar.

Residence Address

Key the residence address as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Residence address can usually be identified by a house or apartment number coupled with a street name. Only key the street address in this field. The town or country should be keyed in the Residence Place field.

Residence Place

Key the residence place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Residence place may be found near the words "Domicile," "From," "Adresse," "Address," or something similar. Residence place may be a city, county or country. Key any place information where they reside or where they are coming from.

Miscellaneous Document



Choose the "Miscellaneous Document" form type for images that do not fit any other form type description but have names to be keyed.

Document Place

If there is a place in the header that identifies where the document was created, key as the document place using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Do not key a document place for images with no names being captured.

Document Day

Key the day from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the document date in the header of the document using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Year

Key the year from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr," "Mr," or "Mrs," of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Only prefix values should be keyed into the prefix field. 

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Initials should be keyed with a space between them and without entering periods.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Surname

Key the surname as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Gender

Key the gender in its full form using the dictionary provided for assistance. Gender may be determined by key words, such as "son of", "daughter of", etc., or by gender specific prefixes. In some cases "male" and "female" will appear next to a name.

Occupation

Key the occupation as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Birth Day

Key the day from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the birth date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Year

Key the year from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Place

Key the birth place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Birth place may be found near the words "Birth," "Geb. ort," or something similar.

Residence Address

Key the residence address as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Residence address can usually be identified by a house or apartment number coupled with a street name. Only key the street address in this field. The town or country should be keyed in the Residence Place field.

Residence Place

Key the residence place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Residence place may be found near the words "Domicile," "From," "Adresse," "Address," or something similar. Residence place may be a city, county or country. Key any place information where they reside or where they are coming from.

Age

Key the age as seen at the time the record was recorded using the dictionary provided for assistance. If present, age may be found next to the word "Age" or "Aged" and should be a number between 1 and 120.

Valid ages include numeric digits between "0" and "120" and fractions between "1/12" and "11/12." If an age includes years, months, and/or days key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months, key age as "10." If an age appears in months, such as 10 months, key age as a fraction: "10/12." If an Age includes years plus a fraction, such as 3 3/12, key only the year: "3." If the age is less than one month, key "0."

Permit Number

Key the permit number as seen on the record. Permit number may be found near the words "No. of Permit," "Perm-Nr.," or something similar.

Name List



Choose the “Name List” form type for images with a list of names to be keyed that are not transport lists or refugee lists, or if it is unclear what the list is about. If the image is identified as a list of petitioners in England, do not capture as a “Name List” and do not key the names. It’s important that we key the names of victims, not petitioners.

Document Day

Key the day from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the document date in the header of the document using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Year

Key the year from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Place

If there is a place in the header that identifies where the document was created, key as the document place using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Do not key a document place for images with no names being captured.

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr," "Mr," or "Mrs," of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Only prefix values should be keyed into the prefix field. 

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Initials should be keyed with a space between them and without entering periods.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Surname

Key the surname as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Gender

Key the gender in its full form using the dictionary provided for assistance. Gender may be determined by key words, such as "son of", "daughter of", etc., or by gender specific prefixes. In some cases "male" and "female" will appear next to a name.

Residence Address

Key the residence address as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Residence address can usually be identified by a house or apartment number coupled with a street name. Only key the street address in this field. The town or country should be keyed in the Residence Place field.

Residence Place

Key the residence place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Residence place may be found near the words "Domicile," "From," "Adresse," "Address," or something similar. Residence place may be a city, county or country. Key any place information where they reside or where they are coming from.

Birth Day

Key the day from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the birth date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Year

Key the year from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Place

Key the birth place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Birth place may be found near the words "Birth," "Geb. ort," or something similar.

Occupation

Key the occupation as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Age

Key the age as seen at the time the record was recorded using the dictionary provided for assistance. If present, age may be found next to the word "Age" or "Aged" and should be a number between 1 and 120.

Valid ages include numeric digits between "0" and "120" and fractions between "1/12" and "11/12." If an age includes years, months, and/or days key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months, key age as "10." If an age appears in months, such as 10 months, key age as a fraction: "10/12." If an Age includes years plus a fraction, such as 3 3/12, key only the year: "3." If the age is less than one month, key "0."

Event Day

Key the day from the event date as seen on the record. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Event Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the event date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Event Year

Key the year from the event date as seen on the record. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Refugee List



Choose the “Refugee List” form type for images that are lists of refugees or persons being transported.

Document Day

Key the day from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the document date in the header of the document using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Year

Key the year from the document date in the header of the document as seen on the record. If there is a date in the header that identifies when the document was created, key as the document date. If there are multiple dates, choose the one that appears to make the most sense. Do not key a document date for images with no names being captured.

Document Place

If there is a place in the header that identifies where the document was created, key as the document place using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Do not key a document place for images with no names being captured.

Suffix

Key all titles, such as "Jr" or "III", following the surname of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Surname

Key the surname as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Given

Key the first name or initial and any middle names of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Initials should be keyed with a space between them and without entering periods.

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Prefix

Key any titles before the given name, such as "Dr," "Mr," or "Mrs," of the primary person as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Only prefix values should be keyed into the prefix field. 

Only key the names of persons who appear to be victims, or child or adult refugees (those being transported). Avoid keying the names of officials, i.e. magistrates, government officials, etc.

Gender

Key the gender in its full form using the dictionary provided for assistance. Gender may be determined by key words, such as "son of", "daughter of", etc., or by gender specific prefixes. In some cases "male" and "female" will appear next to a name.

Residence Address

Key the residence address as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Residence address can usually be identified by a house or apartment number coupled with a street name. Only key the street address in this field. The town or country should be keyed in the Residence Place field.

Residence Place

Key the residence place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Residence place may be found near the words "Domicile," "From," "Adresse," "Address," or something similar. Residence place may be a city, county or country. Key any place information where they reside or where they are coming from.

Birth Day

Key the day from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the birth date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Year

Key the year from the birth date as seen on the record. Birth date may be found near the words "Birth," "Birthday," "Geb. ort," or something similar. Birth date will be in [day-month-year] format.

Birth Place

Key the birth place as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance. Separate any geographical locations with a comma. Ex: All Saints, Southampton. Birth place may be found near the words "Birth," "Geb. ort," or something similar.

Permit Number

Key the permit number as seen on the record. Permit number may be found near the words "No. of Permit," "Perm-Nr.," or something similar.

Occupation

Key the occupation as seen on the record using the dictionary provided for assistance.

Age

Key the age as seen at the time the record was recorded using the dictionary provided for assistance. If present, age may be found next to the word "Age" or "Aged" and should be a number between 1 and 120.

Valid ages include numeric digits between "0" and "120" and fractions between "1/12" and "11/12." If an age includes years, months, and/or days key only the years. For example, if an age appears as 10 years, 7 months, key age as "10." If an age appears in months, such as 10 months, key age as a fraction: "10/12." If an Age includes years plus a fraction, such as 3 3/12, key only the year: "3." If the age is less than one month, key "0."

Event Day

Key the day from the event date as seen on the record. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Event Month

Key the month in its three-letter abbreviation from the event date using the dictionary provided to assist you. If the month appears as a number, key as seen. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Event Year

Key the year from the event date as seen on the record. Some images will have lists of individuals with dates that are unlabeled. When this occurs, key the date next to the individual as the event date.

Cover page, Section header, etc



Use the "Cover page, Section header, etc” form type for images that do not contain data, but might be interesting to look at because they provide context for the image set. Example: historical notes, affidavits, etc.

Image with no data



Use the “Image with no data” form type for images that do not contain data or any useful context that might be interesting for someone to look at. Example: An image containing a blank background.

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