Sharrer

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Sharrer Family Tree

The surname Sharrer has been traced back to the nation of Austria, meaning "Kingdom of the East". Austria was initially occupied by the Celts and then by the Romans. In the early history the Vandals and other tribes traveled into this region from the east. In the 9th century, the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne made this territory an eastern bulwark versus the Slavic and Hungarian forces in 955, and Austria became a Bavarian protectorate. The Sharrer family inhabited Austria, whereas the surname emerged in medieval times as one of the notable families in this region. In the 13th century the surname has been identified with great social and economic evolution which made the nation a landmark contributor to Europe's own development. In history, most surnames have undergone changes in spelling, even between generations. Often a name was recorded by a scribe which was written by as it had sounded, thus changing the names written form. Once the name was recorded into documents, the name's spelling became part of the standard spelling usage. Variations of the name Sharrer are" Scherer, Scher, Scherers, Schere, Scherr, Scherrer, and Scheer. After the year of 1272 and Habsburgs rise into power, Austria began territorial expansion by marriage, rather than by war. By marriage in to influential homes, the Habsburgs acquired Tyrol, Styria, Trieste, and Voralberg. Later on they gained the Netherlands in 1482 by marriage into the Spanish royal family. Charles V left the Austrian territories to Ferdinand I, whom acquired Bohemia and Hungary in 1526. Austria became a Catholic center of the Counter-reformation. The Turks laid siege to Vienna in 1529 during Ferdinand's expanding power. The Treaty of Welsphalia in 1648 put and end to the Thirty Years War and divided the empire. The Turks, once again, invaded Austria (1699) and where driven out by Prince Eugene of Savoy. Savoy had conquered larger parts of the Balkans and Transylvania. After the Spanish and Austrian lines of Habsburg died out in 1740, a woman by the name of Maria Theresa become Empress to the German throne. The Habsburgs became Kings of Hungary and the basis for the very powerful Austro-Hungarian Empire. Meanwhile the Sharrer family moved to Austria and Switzerland under the name Scherenburg. This name was a notable family name of the Franconian region. It appears in the 1298 civil chronicles. The Scherenburgs established several branch houses and spread through the region. They moved in migration in the 16th and 17th century of Europe to areas such as Bavaria, Mecklenburg, Baden, Basel, and St. Gallen. Many migrated for religious, military, or political service. Notable names among the family were von Brandnerau, von Eichstamm, and von Hofstatt whom were involced in civil service, military, and medical professions. In the 17th century, the Scherer family were also elevated to ranks of Knights in the Holy Roman Empire. In the 18th and 19th Century many were raised to Austrian nobility as a reward for their service in the army and achieved financial status. For instance, Ferdinand Scherer (1816) was a landowner and wool merchant in Bohemia. Claudius Scherer was a personal physician for the archduchess, Elizabeth, and was knighted in 1807. Among the prominent names in the Sharrer family in this period are Barthelemy Scherer (1747-1804), who was an Austrian general in the French army, headed Napoleon's army during the 1795 Italian campaign. Wilhelm Scherer (1841-1886), was an influential scholar and German Literature historian. Edmond Scherer (1815-1889) was a theologian, journalist and politician of liberal views. After Napoleon was defeated in 1815, the famous Viennan Congress decided how the European Nations were to share the spoils of war. After this period Austria reached a peaked prestige and held many territories. Vienna later lost control of widespread regions, such as the Balkan. In 1914, the Archduke Ferdinand of Sarajevo, Serbia was assassinated. This started the Great War WWI. In 1919, the empire was broken up by the Treaty of Versailles turning Austria into a democratic republic. During 1650, many people left Austria and Germany for the New World. The highest density of population has been found in Pennsylvania, Ohio, California, and Illinois. The Canada German speaking settlement centered around Ontario and the prairies. Among the Sharrer settlers were: Theobald Scherer, arrived in New York in 1709-10; Ulrich Scherer and Jacon Scherer arrived in Philadelphia in 1727,and 50 more Scherer's came to Philadelphia between 1720-1750; Jan Jacob Scherr came to Philadelphia in 1732; Wendell Scherr in 1749. Johan Augustus Scherrer in 1730. Johan Micheal Scheer arrived in Philadephia in 1754 with his wife Mergretha Mattheis and their 10 children. The settlement into the west began with wagon trains across the Allegheny, creating the Ohio settlements. Later pushing farther west, before the railroads opened up the 19th century flood of migration. In our modern era, we see the Sharrer's achieve prominence. As follows: Edmond Scherer (1815-1889) theologian, journalist, and politician of liberal views; Paul Scherrer (1890-1969) a swiss physicist who discovered new applications for X-Ray technology; Reinhard Scheer (163-1928) a German Admiral whom introduced improvements in submarine tactics and a commander of the German High Sea Fleet during World War I. The Sharrer family coat of arms does not include a motto. Under many heraldic authorities, a motto is optional and many families have chosen not to have mottos.

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