Ohio County Resources

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This entry was originally written by Carol L. Maki and Michael John Neill for Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources.

This article is part of
the Ohio Family History Research series.
History of Ohio
Ohio Vital Records
Census Records for Ohio
Background Sources for Ohio
Ohio Maps
Ohio Land Records
Ohio Probate Records
Ohio Court Records
Ohio Tax Records
Ohio Cemetery Records
Ohio Church Records
Ohio Military Records
Ohio Periodicals, Newspapers, and Manuscript Collections
Ohio Archives, Libraries, and Societies
Ethnic Groups of Ohio
Ohio County Resources
Map of Ohio
County Map of Ohio

Ohio generally does not have any birth and death records prior to 1867. From 1867 to 1908 birth and death records were recorded at the probate court office in the county where the event occurred. After 1908 the event was recorded at the county’s health department and also with the Vital Records Office in Columbus. A marriage record before 1949 (see Vital Records) will be found in the probate court office of the county where the event occurred. Deeds will be found in the county recorders office from the county’s formation to the present.

In mailing requests to any Ohio county office, use the name of the county and “County Courthouse” with the address listed below. The address given is that listed as the county government building. In some cases, some records are located at another address. Ann Fenley lists some of these in The Ohio Open Records Law and Genealogy (Dayton, Ohio: Ohio Connection, 1989). Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1980) lists several courthouses known to have had destructive fires. Note, however, that not all records were destroyed in these fires and that there may have been other fires or disasters. Before making any presumptions that the records have been lost, request the records needed. The courthouse fires listed by Bell are as follows:

Adams, 1910; Belmont, 1980; Brown, 1977; Champaign, 1948; Columbiana, 1976; Crawford, 1831; Delaware, 1835; Fayette, 1828; Franklin, 1879; Fulton, before 1860; Gallia, 1981; Hamilton, 1814, 1849, 1884; Henry, 1847; Licking, 1875; Monroe, 1840, 1867; Seneca, 1841; and Trumbull, 1895.

The following list of counties indicates the county seat; the year the county was created; if different, the year it was fully organized for record keeping (in parentheses); and the parent county from which it was formed. Under parent county are some county names with an (*) to indicate that records may also be found there since the county may have been “attached” to those other counties for some period in its history.

The date listed for each record category is the earliest record known to exist in that county. It does not indicate that there are numerous records for that year and certainly does not indicate that all such events that year were actually registered. In some cases there may be lapses in records after the beginning year listed. For example, Adams County has birth and death records beginning in 1888, but only through 1893.

In addition to sources used for all states (see page 16), information for the County Resources section was obtained from Bell’s Ohio Guide to Genealogical Sources (see Background Sources for Ohio) and the following:

  • Fenley, Ann. Ohio Open Records Law and Genealogy. Dayton, Ohio: Ohio Connection, 1989.


Map County County Address Date Formed Parent County(ies) Birth Marriage Death Land Probate Court
H3 Adams 110 W. Main, West Union 45693 1797 Hamilton/Washington18881910188817971849——
C2 Allen 301 N. Main St., Lima 45802 1820 (1831) Shelby/Logan *Mercer186718311867183118351831
C5 Ashland W. Second St., Ashland 44805 1846 Huron/Lorain/Richland/Wayne186718461867184618461846
A8 Ashtabula 25 W. Jefferson St., Jefferson 44047 1808 (1811) Geauga/Trumbull18671812186717981811——
G6 Athens Athens 45701 1805 Washington186718171867179218001807
D2 Auglaize 201 Willipie St., Wapakoneta 45895 1848 Allen/Mercer186718481867183518521848
E8 Belmont 101 W. Main St., St. Clairsville 43950 1801 Jefferson/Washington186718031867180018041804
H2 Brown Georgetown 45121 1818 Adams/Clermont186718181867181818171818
G1 Butler 101 High St., Hamilton 45012 1803 Hamilton185618031856180318511803
D7 Carroll 119 Public Sq., Carrollton 44615 1833 Columbiana/Harrison/Jefferson/Stark/Tuscarawas186718331867182618331833
E3 Champaign 200 N. Main, Urbana 43078 1805 Franklin/Greene186718051867180618041805
E3 Clark P.O. Box 1008, Springfield 45502 1818 Champaign/Greene/Madison186718181867181818181818
H2 Clermont 76 S. Riverside, Batavia 45103 1800 Hamilton185618011856180018101801
G3 Clinton 46 S. South St., Wilmington 45177 1810 Highland/Warren186818171867180618101810
C8 Columbiana 105 S. Market St., Lisbon 44432 1803 Jefferson186718031867179818031803
E6 Coshocton 349 1/2 Main St., Coshocton 43812 1810 (1811) Muskingum/Tuscarawas186718111867180018111811
C4 Crawford 112 E. Mansfield St., Bucyrus 44820 1820 (1826) Delaware *Seneca*/Sandusky/*Marion186618311868181618311831
B6 Cuyahoga 2905 Franklin Blvd. NW, Cleveland 44113 1808 (1810) Geauga186718101867181018111823
E1 Darke Fourth and Broadway, Greenville 45331 1809 (1817) Miami186718171867182218181817
B1 Defiance 500 Court St., Defiance 43512 1845 Henry/Paulding/Williams186718451867182318451845
E4 Delaware 91 N. Sandusky, Delaware 43015 1808 Franklin186718351867180718121818
B5 Erie 323 Columbus Ave., Sandusky 44870 1838 (1838) Huron/Sandusky185618381856183718381838
F5 Fairfield 210 E. Main, Rm. 301, Lancaster 43130 1800 Ross/Washington186718031867180118031801
F3 Fayette 110 E. Court, Washington Courthouse 43160 1810 Highland/Ross186718101867181018101882
E4 Franklin 373 S. High St., Columbus 43215 1803 Ross/unorganized186718031867180018051803
A2 Fulton 210 S. Fulton, Wauseon 43567 1850 Henry/Lucas/Williams186718641867183518531850
H5 Gallia Locust St., Gallipolis 45613 1803 Washington186418031867180318031811
B7 Geauga Chardon 44024 1806 Trumbull186718031867179518061806
F2 Greene 45 N. Detroit St., Xenia 45385 1803 Hamilton/Ross/186918031870179818031802
E7 Guernsey 801 E. Wheeling Ave., Cambridge 43725 1810 Belmont/Muskingum186718101867180218121810
G1 Hamilton 1000 Main St., Cincinnati 45202 1790 original186318081881178717901844
C3 Hancock 300 S. Main, Findlay 45840 1820 (1828) Logan/Delaware *Wood186718281867182018281828
D3 Hardin Kenton 43326 1820 (1833) Logan/Delaware186718331867183118301833
E7 Harrison Cadiz 43907 1813 Jefferson/Tuscarawas186718131867181218131814
B2 Henry 660 N. Perry, Napoleon 43545 1820 (1834) Logan/Shelby *Wood/*Williams186718471867184618471847
G3 Highland P.O. Box 825, Hillsboro 451351805 Adams/Clermont/Ross186718051868180418091805
F5 Hocking 1 E. Main St., Logan 431381818 Athens/Ross/Fairfield186718181867181818191818
D6 Holmes 1 E. Jackson St., Millersburg 446541824 (1825) Coshocton/Tuscarawas/Wayne186718211867180818251825
B5 Huron 2 E. Main St., Norwalk 448571809 (1815) Portage/Geauga *Cuyahoga186718181867180918151818
H5 Jackson Jackson 456401816 Athens/Gallia/Ross/Scioto186718161867181618191816
D8 Jefferson 301 Market St., Steubenville 439521797 Washington186718031867179517981803
D5 Knox 106 E. High St., Mt. Vernon 430501808 Fairfield/Franklin186718081867180818081808
A7 Lake 47 N. Park Place, Painesville 440771840 (1840) Cuyahoga/Geauga186718401867183918531840
J5 Lawrence 1 Veterans Sq., Ironton 456381815 (1817) Gallia/Scioto186418171867181818461817
E5 Licking Courthouse Sq., Newark 430551808 Fairfield187518091875180018751809
D3 Logan P.O. Box 429, Bellefontaine 433111818 Champaign186718181867181018511804
B5 Lorain 308 Second St., Elyria 440351822 (1824) Cuyahoga/Huron/Medina186718241867——18401824
A3 Lucas 800 Adams St, Toledo 436241835 Wood/Sandusky186718351868180818351835
F3 Madison 1 N. Main St., London 431401810 Franklin186718101888181018101810
C8 Mahoning 120 Market St., Youngstown 445031846 Columbiana/Trumbull185618461856179518461847
D4 Marion 100 N. Main St., Marion 433021820 (1824) Delaware186718241867182118251824
C6 Medina 93 Public Sq., Medina 433021812 (1818) Portage186718181867181818181818
G6 Meigs Second St., Pomeroy 457691819 Athens/Gallia186718191867181918201819
D1 Mercer 101 N. Main, Celina 458221820 (1824) Darke/Shelby186718381867182318241824
E2 Miami 215 W. Main St., Troy 453731807 Montgomery185318071867180718071804
F7 Monroe 101 N. Main St., Woodsfield 437931813 (1815) Belmont/Guernsey/Washington186718661867183618401818
F2 Montgomery 451 W. Third St., Dayton 454021803 Hamilton186718031866180518031803
F6 Morgan 19 E. Main St., McConnelsville 437561817 (1819) Guernsey/Muskingum/Washington186718191867179518191819
D4 Morrow 48 E. High St., Mt. Gilead 433381848 Delaware/Knox/Marion/Richland186718481867184818481848
E6 Muskingum 401 Main St., Zanesville 437011804 Fairfield/Washington186718041867180018041804
F7 Noble Caldwell 437241851 Guernsey/Monroe/Morgan/Washington186718511867185118511851
B4 Ottawa 315 Madison St., Port Clinton 434521840 Erie/Lucas/Sandusky186718401869182018401840
C1 Paulding 115 N. Williams St., Paulding 458791820 (1839) Shelby/Darke *Williams/*Wood186718391867183518421839
F5 Perry New Lexington 437641818 Fairfield/Muskingum/Washington186718181867181818171818
F4 Pickaway Circleville 431131810 Fairfield/Franklin/Ross186718101867181018101810
G4 Pike 100 E. Second, Waverly 456901815 Adams/Ross/Scioto186718151867179918171815
B7 Portage 203 W. Main, Ravenna 442661808 Trumbull186718081867179518031809
F1 PrebleEaton 453201808 Butler/Montgomery186718081867180518081808
C2 Putnam245 E. Main St., Ottawa 458751820 (1834) Shelby/Logan *Wood/*Williams185718341867183018351834
C5 Richland50 Park Ave., East, Mansfield 449031808 (1813) Franklin *Knox185618131890181418131819
G4 Ross2 N. Paint St., Chillicothe 456011798 Adams/Hamilton/Washington186717981867179717971798
B4 Sandusky100 N. Park, Fremont 434201820 Huron186718201867182218201820
H4 Scioto602 Seventh St., Portsmouth 456621803 Adams185618041856180318101809
B4 Seneca103 S. Washington St., Tiffin 448831820 (1824) Huron/Sandusky186718411867182118281824
D2 ShelbySidney 453651819 Miami186718241867181918251819
C7 Stark110 Central Plaza S., 5th Floor, Canton 447021808 (1809) Columbiana/Muskingum186718091867180918101809
B7 Summit 209 S. High St., Akron 443081840 (1840) Medina/Portage/Stark186618401870184018391840
B8 Trumbull 160 High St., N.W., Warren 444831800 Jefferson/Wayne County of Northwest Territory186718031867179518031807
D7 Tuscarawas 101 E. High Ave., New Philadelphia 446631808 Muskingum186718081867——18091808
D4 Union 5th & Court St., Marysville 430401820 Delaware/Franklin/Logan/Madison186718201867181118201820
C1 Van Wert 101 E. Main St., Van Wert 458911820 (1837) Darke/Shelby *Mercer186718401867182418401837
G5 Vinton 100 E. Main St., McArthur 456511850 Athens/Gallia/Hocking/Jackson/Ross186718501867185018521850
G2 Warren 320 E. Silver St., Lebanon 450361803 Hamilton186718031867179518031803
F7 Washington 205 Putnam St., Marietta 457501788 unorganized186717891867178817891790
C6 Wayne 428 W. Liberty, Wooster 446911808 (1812) *Columbiana/*Stark186718131867181318171812
A1 Williams 1 Courthouse Sq., Bryan 435061820 (1824) Darke/Shelby *Wood186718241867182418251824
B3 Wood 1 Courthouse Sq., Bowling Green 434021820 Logan186718201867182018201823
C3 Wyandot 109 S. Sandusky Ave., Upper Sandusky 433511845 Crawford/Hancock/Hardin/Marion186718451867182618451845
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